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Current Volume - (130) 2018:
IMAGES OF VERTEBRATE HEADS IN MOTH WING PATTERNS
Grendon, Barcaldine, Oban, Argyll, Scotland PA37 1SG E-mail: email@example.com
False eyes on the wings of moths and butterflies often occur
with other features which together convey a convincing illusion of a
face or head. In some species this resembles a predatory bird (owl or
raptor) or mammal (feline, canine, rodent or primate), while in others
it may appear as a more generalised, often grotesque vertebrate. Examples
of this pseudaposematism are presented, photographically, for 21 species.
It is likely that the function of such images is to deter predators,
but strictly this needs to be established experimentally for each such
A SECOND CONTRIBUTION TO THE LEPIDOPTERAN FAUNA OF CYPRUS, PRESENTING
RECORDS FOR 48 TAXA FROM 17 FAMILIES
IAN BARTON 7, Cage Lane, Stretham,
Ely, Cambridgeshire CB6 3LB E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Records are presented for48 taxa from 17 families (Lepidoptera:
Nepticulidae; Tineidae; Ethmiidae; Tischeriidae; Gracillariidae; Acrolepiidae;
Depressariidae; Oecophoridae; Scythrididae; Lecithoceridae; Cosmopterigidae;
Gelechiidae; Tortricidae; Choreutidae; Pyralidae; Pterophoridae; Noctuidae).
46 of the records are believed to be new for Cyprus, one of which also
constitutes a new foodplant record; a further two records give details
where the original record is no longer available or the original record
needs some clarification; and two new foodplant records for one previously
recorded leaf-mining species.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF ZYGAENAF ABRICIUS, 1775 (LEPIDOPTERA:
ZYGAENIDAE) OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
NIKOLA MICEVSKI 1, ANA NAHIRNIC 2 AND STOYAN BESHKOV 3
1Macedonian Entomological Society (ENTOMAK), Blvd. ASNOM 58, 2-4, 1000
Skopje, Macedonia. e-mail: email@example.com 2 ,3National Museum
of Natural History, Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd.1, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria e-mail:
2 firstname.lastname@example.org, 3 email@example.com
Zygaena species are known to occur in Macedonia. Here we present numerous
additional locations for 13 species: Zygaena brizae, Z. purpuralis, Z.
punctum,Z . carniolica, Z. viciae, Z. loti, Z. nevadensis,
Z. osterodensis, Z. ephialtes, Z. angelicae,Z . filipendulae and Z. lonicerae.
The presence of Z.laeta and Z.nevadensisis confirmed for the first time
since the 1960s/1970s.
TO THE BRITISH ISLES IN 2014
SEAN P. CLANCY
‘'Pluto’, Dungeness Road, Dungeness, Romney Marsh, Kent TN29 9NF
Formally accepted records of immigrant Lepidoptera occurring in the British
the year 2014 are listed and discussed. For less frequently encountered
information is given in Annex 1, presented in vice-county order, the
then listed alphabetically for each VC. For the more regular/frequent
recorded during the season, annual summaries and a selection of the more
records are presented in Annex 2. The current report is the first in
the series to follow
the widely adopted taxonomy of Agassiz et al. (2013).
VILLOSAE SP. NOV., A NEW SPECIES FROM PORTUGAL, SPAIN AND GREECE
1, 2 MARTIN CORLEY & 3 PETER BUCHNER
1 Pucketty Farm Cottage, Faringdon, Oxfordshire SN7 8JP, U.K. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
2 CIBIO-InBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade
e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade
do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão,
3 Scheibenstraße 335, A-2625 Schwarzau am Steinfeld, Austria (email@example.com)
Depressaria villosae sp. nov. is described from Portugal based on morphology,
additional specimens from Spain and Greece. Although barcode-sharing
pimpinellae, male genitalia are clearly distinct.
Keywords: Depressariidae, Depressaria villosae sp.
nov., Portugal, Spain, Greece.
AND AMENDMENTS TO THE IRISH MICROLEPIDOPTERA LIST SINCE 2012
KEN G. M. BOND
Dept. of Zoology, Ecology & Plant Science, School of BEES,
University College Cork T23 TK30 Ireland
This report summarises additions, amendments and corrections made since
2012 to the
Irish Lepidoptera fauna. The species recorded include Phereoeca lodliVives
and Mesophleps ochraceella (Turati) (Gelechiidae), neither of which has
from Great Britain. As a result of these additions and changes the current
list of Irish
Microlepidoptera stands at 909 species, compared with 858 on the 2012
Keywords: Lepidoptera, Irish fauna.
NETTED CARPET EUSTROMA RETICULATUM (D. & S.,
1775), (LEP.: GEOMETRIDAE) AS A COMMODITY
E. G. HANCOCK
Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ
Using a small archive that contains details of late nineteenth century
transactions of some moths, the relative values of species has been investigated.
particular, the Netted Carpet, with a rarity value due to its highly
is of interest at a time immediately following its discovery. Attempts
were made by local
entomologists to rear specimens and so supplement wild-caught examples
demand. Some detail of the activities of these collector-naturalists,
partners and the various moths are given.
Keywords: history, collecting, exchanging, value, cost,
rarity, extinction, Netted Carpet,
OF THE MISSING LUNAR THORNS – A TWENTY YEAR
STUDY OF ALTITUDINAL CHANGE AMONGST
CHARLES H. FLETCHER
The Forge, Hutton Conyers, Ripon, N. Yorkshire HG4 5EB
Lunar Thorn Selenia lunularia (Hübner, 1788) has undergone an upwards
shift in altitude
in the north-east English county of Yorkshire and is now rarely found
on the lower
ground. The rate of shift can be calculated over a twenty-year period
and can be
compared with similar species which appear to have become scarcer in
Climatic change is probably the main driver for change though other factors
such as land
use may play a part.
Keywords: Selenia lunularia, Lunar Thorn, altitudinal shift, climatic
TO KNOWLEDGE OF THE BALKAN LEPIDOPTERA: NEW AND RARE EREBIDAE AND NOCTUIDAE
FOR ALBANIA, COLLECTED IN 2016
National Museum of Natural History, Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd.1, 1000 Sofia,
In 2016 the author undertook five collecting trips in Albania from June
Material was collected at light mostly from the southern part of the
country. Part of the
results are presented here, the remainder are to be published soon. Three
(Pseudozarba, Heterophysa and Divaena) and 15 species are reported for
the first time
for Albania. Two other species are reported for the second time for the
species and collecting localities are illustrated in colour, when necessary
including everted vesicas.
Keywords: Albania, faunistic, Erebidae, Noctuidae, Lepidoptera, Macrolepidoptera
TRIPOLIANA (BARRETT, 1880) (LEP.: TORTRICIDAE): VARIATION IN A SUFFOLK
POPULATION AND HOW THIS
RELATES TO THE SPECIES’ SEPARATION FROM EUCOSMA
AEMULANA (SCHLÄGER, 1849)
RAYMOND A. WATSON
The House of Eden, Alderton Road, Hollesley, Woodbridge, Suffolk IP12
A population of the tortricid moth Eucosma tripoliana (Schläger)
was investigated. This
was prompted by a specimen being identified incorrectly as Eucosma aemulana.
Variations in the imaginal wing patterning and in the genitalia are presented.
specimens are DNA bar-coded. The distribution of E. aemulana is investigated.
difference between aemulana-like E. tripoliana and E. aemulana imagines
is assessed. It is considered that the two species cannot be separated
reliably on the
morphology of the genitalia. The species can be separated easily on the
DIFFERENCES IN CATCHES MADE BY TWO
KINDS OF MERCURY-VAPOUR BULBS USED IN ROBINSON
1 CLIVE CRAIK AND 2 ANDY MCLEOD
1 Scottish Association for Marine Science,
Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory, Oban, Argyll PA37 1QA
2 School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Crew Building, The
Alexander Crum Brown Road, Edinburgh EH9 3FF
Two kinds of 125-watt high-pressure mercury vapour discharge bulbs, “MBU” and “
MBF” were compared when fitted to Robinson-pattern moth traps.
Overall, the MBU
bulb caught 16% more individuals and 9% more species of macro-moths per
did the MBF bulb. Both these quantities differed significantly between
There was no evidence that the range of species differed between the
two bulbs. Most
differences between the quantitative UV-visible spectra of the two bulb
types were small,
except that in the UVB region the MBU bulb emitted six times more energy
MBF bulb. Although the UV emitted by both bulbs was only a small fraction
total radiant energy, this six-fold difference probably explains the
greater catching power
of the MBU bulb. It is important that such differences are considered
comparisons of trap data are made between the two periods of approximately
1980 (most traps using MBU) and 1980 to the present (most traps using
Keywords: Robinson moth-trap, MBU bulb, MBF bulb, spectra,
catch sizes, species,
TO KNOWLEDGE OF THE BALKAN
LEPIDOPTERA: NEW AND RARE MOTHS FOR ALBANIA,
COLLECTED IN 2017
STOYAN BESHKOV & ANA NAHIRNIC
National Museum of Natural History, Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd.1, 1000 Sofia,
E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
In 2017 the authors undertook four collecting trips to Albania, between
May and October.
Material was collected at light on 22 nights, mostly from the southern
part of the country.
This is part two of a three part report. Eight genera and 22 species
are reported for the
first time for Albania; 24 species are reported for the second time for
Collecting localities and the adults of some of the reported species
are illustrated in
colour; for some species the genitalia, including everted vesicas, are
Keywords: Albania, faunistic, moths, Lepidoptera, Macrolepidoptera
CROCICAPITELLA (CLEMENS, 1859) (LEP.: TINEIDAE):
CASE-BEARING LARVAE IN ENGLAND FOUND FEEDING ON
R. J. HECKFORD ¹ AND S. D. BEAVAN ²
Department of Life Sciences, Division of Insects, Natural History Museum,
Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD
(Correspondence address: 67 Newnham Road, Plympton, Plymouth, Devon PL7
The Hayes, Zeal Monachorum, Devon EX17 6DF
An account is given, including a larval description, of Monopis crocicapitella
1859) being reared from case-bearing larvae found feeding on bat droppings
England. Although there have been three notes in the British literature
larva as a case-bearer, these appear to have been overlooked in subsequent
There has been no prior report of the larva feeding on bat droppings
in the British Isles,
nor any larval description based on British observations. We consider
records made both
within and outside the British Isles.
Key words: Lepidoptera, Tineidae, Monopis crocicapitella,
larval case, larva,
description, bat droppings.
HISTORY OF LEPIDOPTERA ASSOCIATED WITH BIRD NESTS IN MID-WALES
D. H. BOYES
Bridge Cottage, Middletown, Welshpool, Powys, SY21 8DG.
Bird nests can support diverse communities of invertebrates, including
(Lepidoptera). However, the understanding of the natural history of these
incomplete. For this study, 224 nests, from 16 bird species, were collected
and the adult
moths that emerged were recorded. The majority of nests contained moths,
individuals of ten species recorded. Observations are made on the natural
history of each
species and some novel findings are reported. The absence of certain
discussed. To gain deeper insights into the life histories of these species,
it would be
useful to document the feeding habits of the larvae in isolation.
Keywords: Commensal, detritivore, fleas, moths, Tineidae
MICROLEPIDOPTERA REVIEW OF 2017
1 A.M. DAVIS AND 2 G.M. TORDOFF
1 Butterfly Conservation, Unit 2 Bull Pens, Manor Farm, Itchen Stoke,
Hampshire, SO24 0QT.
2 Butterfly Conservation Wales, 4D Cwm Road, Hafod, Swansea, SA1 2AY
Noteworthy records of microlepidoptera obtained in the British Isles
during 2017 are
summarised, including three species new to the British Isles and a further
that were new to the British Isles in previous years but were announced
Numerous new vice-county records are reported.
A NEW SPECIES
OF THE GENUS HERRICHIA STAUDINGER (LEPIDOPTERA: OECOPHORIDAE) FROM
THE ISLAND OF CRETE
OLE KARSHOLT1 & ALEXANDER LVOVSKY2
1 Zoological Museum, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Universitetsparken
DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
2 A. Lvovsky, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences,
1 Universitetskaya Emb., St. Petersburg 199034, Russia
A new species of Oecophoridae, Herrichia vilhelmseniella sp. n., is described
island of Crete.
Key words: Lepidoptera, Oecophoridae, Herrichia, new species, Crete.